Stryker heritage members hear how old medicine often made people worse
Members of the Stryker Area Heritage Council got a dose of just how bad some early medical remedies were during their annual meeting on Thursday, Nov. 10.
However, before the Black Swamp Medicine Girls dispensed examples of old tonics and elixirs used by area residents, the crowd was treated to a review of the major activities of the council over the past year.
Stryker Mayor Joe Beck said the Stryker Area Heritage Council is an active group and he and the village council like to hear about all the work going on, particularly in the museum housed in the former train depot.
“One of the things that I’ve seen in the last several years, is that the village as well as the heritage council seem to work pretty well together to try and keep that donation that Erie Sauder gave, that depot, up to where it needs to be. It’s part of Stryker’s history,” the mayor said.
“The work that you guys do is extremely important. Not just to remember maybe what you guys have seen or your parents or grandparents, but for the younger generation,” he told the group.
Heritage council President Terry Wieland listed some of the accomplishments of the council in the past year. He pointed to the full day of presentations that were held on Sept. 24 commemorating the 100th anniversary of the death of William Knight. Wieland said the day’s event included the dedication of two new flagpoles in the Stryker cemetery by the gravesite of the late Stryker resident who received the Medal of Honor.
He also noted donations the council received of local history that are displayed in the former train depot. He said that anyone who would like a tour of the depot should contact a trustee who will set it up.
Wieland said the council was pleased to help the Stryker Fire Department by organizing a parade held for their first annual Jaws Jam in August.
He said the council likes that there are a large number of people using their Facebook page and their website at www.strykerhistory.org.
There is a project that he said the council needs help to complete. They would like to restore a brick walkway at the depot, and have had bricks donated to them. However, they need to find someone with the expertise to place them in the ground.
He said he hopes someone will contact a trustee who would be willing to help them with the project.
The members held an election for three trustee positions. They re-elected Helen Bell, Judy Keller and Bill Priest to serve new three-year terms.
Following their short business session, the attention of the group shifted to medicines and medical treatments of the residents in the area in the 19th and early 20th centuries when the area was known as the Great Black Swamp (much like the ones shown in the photo above of - from left to right - SAHC Secretary Helen Bell, SAHC President Terry Wieland and SAHC Treasurer Sue Buehrer).
The Black Swamp Medicine Girls, Susan Wisehan and Jeanne Caryer, said the people in the area suffered from poor diets and poor living conditions. That contributed to a number of illnesses such as malaria, also known as ague.
While there were many patent medicines that claimed to cure malaria, people learned that the only effective treatment at the time was quinine and often had it sitting at the dining table, shaking it on their food like salt.
Cholera was another major illness among early residents and for those traveling along the canals.
One of the treatments used for cholera patients in the 1800’s was calomel. Later it was discovered that calomel contained mercury, so it’s not known how many people actually died from cholera or from mercury poisoning due to the treatment.
Since there were not many doctors in the area and many of those doctors received only a four or five months training, people often turned to home remedies to treat their sicknesses. Generally the mother of the family administered these concoctions from recipes handed down from generation to generation.
“Home remedies made by the woman of the house were horrible tasting, stinging, gagging and strong,” Wisehan said. “Patients were treated with plasters and poultices and usually felt better after they were removed!” she remarked.
“The patient was usually cured after one dose or treatment because the thought of another round of treatments scared the illness out of the patient,” she quipped.
A supply of mineral water was discovered in Stryker, and Caryer, as shown in the phot to the left, pointed out people came to the Stryker mineral bath house to avail themselves of the water.
She also mentioned Pluto water that was taken from a mineral spring at French Lick, Indiana. She said train cars full of people visited the site to drink the water. It was bottled and sold extensively throughout the country.
In 1971, she said the manufacturers discovered Pluto water naturally contained lithium, a controlled substance that is used to treat bipolar disorder, and they discontinued selling it.
Each person who attended the program received a packet of trade cards promoting all kinds of remedies sold by local Stryker stores. Caryer said trade cards were particularly popular in the 1880’s to 1900. They were collected, kept in scrapbooks and used to decorate the homes of people until advertising in magazines and newspapers became more popular.
One of the cards promoted Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound, which was available at Stubbs and Rumsey Druggists in Stryker. Caryer said the compound brought in millions of dollars for Lydia Pinkham who touted it as taking care of female complaints. Among the maladies it claimed to cure, the card lists bloating, headaches, nervous prostration, general debility, sleeplessness depression and indigestion. People often said “there was a baby in every bottle!”
Caryer said the compound was sold during the Temperence movement, and like many patent medicines, it contained alcohol. The Lydia Pinkham Vegetable Compound was no different, Caryer said, with a 36% content level!
While it may have been reconfigured, Caryer said the compound is still available today.
After the program, the ladies invited audience members to view their collection of medicine bottles and medical remedies and ask any questions they had about other treatments.
Stryker Civil War veteran’s life relived at SAHC annual meeting
By Don Allison
Bryan Times (used by permission)
Ongoing efforts to preserve Stryker’s history were recapped Thursday during the Stryker Area Heritage Council’s annual membership meeting.
Kent Juillard, a founding member of the Heritage Council, contributed to those efforts by sharing the story of his great-great-grandfather Mathias Thurston, a local Civil War veteran.
Stryker Mayor Dan Hughes opened the meeting, noting that importance to the community of an organization like the Heritage Council, “that documents its history and its heritage. Organizations like this are crucial.”
Heritage Council President Terry Wieland noted that, in cooperation with the village, efforts are continuing to improve the Stryker Area Heritage Center, a museum housed in the former Stryker railroad depot. He noted storage areas are being organized, and bricks to recreate the original passenger walkway behind the depot have been moved to the site.
In addition, the railroad baggage cart from the depot is being displayed outside the building during warm weather months.
Acquisitions to the museum collection in the past year have included a Civil War sword used by Medal of Honor recipient William J. Knight of Stryker and a custom-made replica of The General, the railroad engine that was stolen from behind Confederate lines in 1862 by Knight and other members of the famous Andrew’s Raiders.
Click here to see the rest of the story...
Two new DVDs available from SAHC!
A program about a search for Stryker’s French founders and another featuring information about a couple of Stryker’s famous citizens and pieces of its past are now available from the Stryker Area Heritage Council.
“Search for Stryker’s French Ancestors” is a DVD of the feature presentation by Will Peugeot at the SAHC Annual Meeting. Mr. Peugeot took those in attendance on a fascinating trip to France as he looked for his ancestors who came to Stryker. He gives important details about the discovery he makes, including one about how much he found he has in common with them. He also reminds the audience members from the community that they, too, may share the same roots.
The other DVD, “Treasures from the Depot,” is a recording of a program given by several SAHC members about local history at the Ameican Legion Hall.
Sue Buehrer and Helen Bell gave an informative presentation about famous artist Harry Wickey from Stryker. Fred Grisier and Terry Wieland, shown in the photo on the left, expounded upon Stryker’s favorite son, William J. Knight, while Terry Wieland also told the crowd about the luggage cart from the Stryker depot that SAHC acquired and was refurbished. The program concludes with a presentation by Bill Priest of one of the most important businesses in Stryker during its day, the Stryker Boat Oar Company.
Either DVD is available for $10 for SAHC members or $12 for non-members. A nominal fee to cover shipping and handling will be charged for those who require them to be shipped.
Orders can be made through a SAHC Board Member or by sending a message to email@example.com.
French ancestors led to Stryker settlers - SAHC 2014 Annual Meeting
By Don Allison, Senior Editor
Used by permission
STRYKER — In 2010 Stryker native Will Peugeot went to France in search of his French connection, an experience he described as the “trip of a lifetime.”
Thursday evening, Nov. 13, he told the Stryker Area Heritage Council what he found.
Peugeot, shown on the right in the photo with SAHC President Rose Burkholder, was the featured speaker during the Heritage Council’s annual meeting conducted at the Stryker United Methodist Church.
For years, he said, he had wondered: “How am I like my French ancestors? How am I like the people who live in France today?”
In search of answers, Peugeot, a Lutheran minister, traveled to France on a sabbatical. He went to the town of Valentigney in the Montbeliard territory of western France, where his Peugeot ancestors lived before coming to the United States and settling near Stryker.
He found records of ancestors — he was able to document 12 generations of his family who were farmers in the region, and he met living relatives. Peugeot made other connections as well. For example, he said, in Valentigney he was served his father’s favorite meal — a dish made of sausage, green beans and potatoes.
See the rest of the story about the SAHC annual meeting by clicking here.
New military room has emphasis on William Knight
A collection of military paraphernalia is now on display at the Stryker Area Heritage Center, the former depot.
The display features a good amount of items relating to Stryker’s own Medal of Honor recipient William J. Knight.
Noted local Civil War historians Bruce Zigler and Fred Grisier (shown in the photo) put the display together featuring some wonderful photos of Knight and his compadres from what is often called “The Great Locomotive Chase.”
There is also a nice replica of “The General,” the locomotive the men stole behind Confederate lines at Big Shanty, Georgia.
Visitors can see the display when the depot is open for public events or by contacting SAHC Trustees to schedule a tour.
SAHC unveils some “Treasures at the Depot”
Members of the Stryker Area Heritage Council brought stories behind “treasures” kept in the Stryker Historical Center, the former train depot, during a program held at the Stryker American Legion on March 8.
Five people spoke about “treasures” from the depot, items that are tied to important people, businesses or events in the Stryker area.
Fred Grisier, shown with microphone in the photo on the right, spoke about Medal of Honor recipient William Knight. Fred detailed William Knight’s early life leading into his part in “The Great Locomotive Chase.” He spoke about the raid behind Confederate lines, the stealing of the train, “The General,” the capture of the soldiers, the escape for some and their return to the Union territory.
There were also presentations about world-famous artist, Stryker native Harry Wickey, a baggage cart that came from the Stryker depot that was recently renovated and a presentation about the Stryker Boat Oar Company.
To see the rest of the story, go to “Historical Programs” or click here.
Stryker parade features refurbished depot cart
Those who went to the Stryker Homecoming parade on August 17 got a real historic treat. When the float for the Stryker Area Heritage Council went by, there was a piece of Stryker’s history riding on it.
A baggage cart that is supposed to have come from the Stryker depot was displayed on the float, along with some other local memorabilia.
The cart was obtained by SAHC during the sale of Short’s Hardware, and it was just refurbished by Virgil Frank. Several council members remember Jim Short saying that the cart came from the Stryker depot and the council was eager to obtain the piece that was a part of the workings at the local train station.
The cart had a few issues. The boards on each end were not in very good shape and the bearings to turn the wheels needed to be replaced, among other things.
Virgil Frank restored the wagon, also giving it a good paint job.
After riding in the parade, the cart was returned to the depot so that it can now be displayed.
Items on the cart also had historical ties to Stryker. The “hump back” trunk, on the left in the above photo, once belonged to Blanche Vernier. The shipping box has Dr. Goll’s name on it and the other box once belonged to J. P. Lantz of Stryker.
Thanks to all of the council members who again helped with the parade!!!!
Yes, there was a cannon! But where are the cannonballs...
There have been several people who told us they remember a cannon in the boulevard that we have been showing here on the website (see the story below), but no one had a photo to share...until now.
Rose Burkholder traveled to Bryan to the library and looked in their photo archives. Sure enough, there was a photo of the cannon. It turns out it was a German cannon from the “War to End All Wars - WWI.”
Actually, the library had a photo that had been cut out of the Bryan Times, showing the cannon from bygone days.
The caption underneath the photo says,
“STRYKER - This World War I cannon was located in the grassy median strip (boulevard) that existed for many years down the center of Stryker's South Defiance Street . The cannon, which sat just south of Short Street , likely was melted down for scrap during World War II. (Photo courtesy of the Williams County Public Library Photographic Archives)”
Rose was excited by her find, but, alas, she turned the photo all around and no cannonballs were anywhere to be seen.
We have been told there were cannonballs that sat next to the cannon. They would not have been for the WWI cannon, but more likely of Civil War vintage.
So, Rose asked the kind people from the library if she could get a scan of the cannon so we could run a nice clean picture of it on the website.
They searched back and found the negative. Guess who they got it from? Stryker Area Heritage Council Trustee Fred Grieser! If only we had started with Fred!
Anyway, our thanks to the Williams County Public Library Photo Archives and Rose Burkholder for tracking down the cannon.
Now, does anyone have a photo of the cannonballs that supposedly used to sit next the cannon? Did anyone ask Fred?
Boulevard photos of early Stryker bring back memories...and prompt more questions
A recent donation spurred SAHC Trustees to see what could be remembered about the boulevard that ran down the middle of South Defiance Street.
There was a cannon that used to sit in the boulevard, believed to be facing south. It is also believed that there was a group of cannonballs next to it.
Trustees were hoping that they would be able to find a photo of the boulevard to answer the questions about the cannon and cannonballs.
Alas, to date, no cannon photos have turned up (If anyone has one, we would love to see it.).
However, the photos that have turned up have created their own questions.
SAHC President Terry Perkins has two postcards of the boulevard. The one shown above is looking north. The 1912 school can be seen a bit between the trees on the left.
It was thought that perhaps the small black spot above the sign might be a part of the cannon.
However, when that section of the photo was enlarged, as seen to the left, it showed the piece was actually part of the sign. It appears to hold a globe above the sign.
It promoted speculation that the globe may have been a light at night, maybe so people wouldn’t run into it with their Model T.
The blown up section helps us be able to read a portion of the sign. It says “PUBLIC SCHOOL” at the top and underneath that it says “DRIVE SLOW.”
The rest of the sign is too difficult to read (Can anyone else help us out?).
Also on the left of the sign in front of the school, there is what appears to be a white stone or monument. That section of the photo was also blown up and is shown on the right.
The Trustees are unsure about what that might be as well. Perhaps one of our Stryker natives can assist us with that.
Mr. Perkins also has a postcard showing the boulevard looking south.
The printing of that card is considerably different and is much more difficult to expand.
In it, it is easy to see the brick street in the bottom lower left of the photo, some people enjoying a stroll on the right hand side with the spire of the Methodist church showing in the background.
It also shows the sign on the north end of the boulevard. It is presumably the same as the one on the south end, and it also appears to have a globe at the top.
But no cannon or cannonballs on this end either.
Perhaps there are other photos of the boulevard that others can share with us. I you have one or have more information, just let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Until then, we’ll just have to enjoy the view and wonder where the cannon and cannonballs went.
Early “watering hole” featured on historical photo page
A photo of an early saloon in Stryker has surfaced. The photo and some information on it is included in our Historic Photo of the Month page.
However, there is still some more information we could use on it, and we’re hoping there are some viewers who will help us..
If you would like to look it over, please click here. Be sure to let us know if you have more information on it!
SAHC presents annuals to libraries in Bryan and Stryker
People doing research at the Local History and Genealogy Center in the West Annex of the Williams County Public Library in Bryan will be able to check back in some of the annuals from Stryker High School. Several trustees from the Stryker Area Heritage Council recently took some of the extras annuals donated to the group to the center so that future generations will have them to check.
From left to right in the photo on the right, SAHC Trustees Sue Buehrer, Terry Perkins, and Helen Bell pose with Jany Kelly of the history center as they show the stack of annuals that will now reside at the Bryan library.
Trustees also took some annuals to add to the collection at the Stryker library. The collection at Stryker is the most complete, but there are stsill some annuals that are needed there. Annuals from 1925, 1940, 1943, 1944, 1989, 2003 and 2006 are still needed at the Stryker library. Anyone who would like to donate a copy can contact any SAHC Trustee or e-mail us at email@example.com.
There are also a number of years needed at the Bryan library, and a list will be made available soon of those years.
Thanks to everyone who has donated an annual that is making these collections possible!!
William Knight remembered in Stryker on 150th anniversary of
“The Great Locomotive Chase”
Descendants of William Knight, on the left, came to Stryker and the community remembered the exploits of the Congressional Medal of Honor winner and his companions known as Andrews’ Raiders on the 150th anniversary of the event that would forever seal their bravery.
On April 14, the town of Stryker hosted a day-long commemoration of the “Great Locomotive Chase.” The day was filled with historical programs, Civil War re-enacters, displays, participation for William Knight’s descendants, and displays of priceless artifacts.
The Stryker American Legion started the day off with a hearty breakfast, while the hall was full of displays of artifacts about William Knight, who lived in Stryker for many years, “The General,” and other memorabilia related to “the Great Train Robbery.” The Stryker Heritage Council had a number of souvenirs, including t-shirts, photos, bookmarks and buttons available. Programs had been printed by the Bryan Times.
John Marquis, well-known local train historian shown on the right, delighted the crowd with his tale of how “The General” was stolen twice in its career. The first time was during Andrews’ Raid, and the second time was when the Louisiana and Nashville Railroad slipped the train engine out of its 70-year storage area in Chattanooga and whisked it away one night. The railroad refurbished it in the early 1960’s and it began a tour that included the 1964 World’s Fair in New York.
The city of Chattanooga eventually went to court to be able to keep the train once again in their city. A Federal judge ruled that the train belonged to the state of Georgia, and the state said the train could be kept at Kennesaw. Kennesaw used to be called Big Shanty, the site where William Knight and his compatriots stole the General from the Confederates and tried to get it to Union forces at Chattanooga. The train resides there now in a fine museum.
Mr. Marquis spoke of how the train had been renovated by the South Louisville shop of the L & N Railroad, and he was on hand when the engine was ready to make its first trip after the work was completed in 1962.
According to his recollection, the first official run after the work was in October of 1962. He said the railroad had “The General” parked behind the L & N offices for a week. They steamed up the engine to take a group of VIPs for a trip down the Bargetown Branch, a single-track branch that wouldn’t interfere with the mainline traffic.
He said he had his Army greens on and the engineer offered to take him with him on the ride. However, Marquis said his folks were with him, and he didn’t want to leave them for what would be a 6-hour trip. He said he often regrets not taking the ride.
He said neither “The General” nor “The Texas” could be run on rail lines today without extensive renovations due to Federal railroad regulations. He said that he felt those kind of changes would ruin the historical significance of the locomotives.
Over by the Stryker depot, the Civil War re-enacters did some drills for those in the crowd who watched, invited children to learn more about their work and opened up their tents for those who were curious and perhaps wanted a souvenir or two.
After a delicious lunch served by the American Legion, descendants of William Knight spoke to the crowd about the former Stryker resident. One of them brought the original Medal of Honor that had been pinned on his chest by President Abraham Lincoln. Stryker historians were ecstatic when he turned the medal to its back, exposing an inscription showing that it was individually made for Mr. Knight.
A grand highlight of the day was when Joe Rath, shown here holding William Knight’s Congressional Medal of Honor, recreated the talk that William Knight used to give across the country about the “Great Locomotive Chase.” Dressed in a tuxedo complete with top hat reminiscent of Mr. Knight, Mr. Rath captivated the audience for almost 2 hours as he used Knight’s presentation coupled with historic references he has added to the program to give the listeners a true understanding of the way the event occurred from Knight’s perspective.
Those attending the program also got a real treat as the Williams County Historical Society loaned their copies of drawings that William Knight used as backdrops when he gave his presentation across the country.
Visitors to the day’s event were invited to tour the Stryker Heritage Center in the depot and view displays of area history including the “Great Locomotive Chase.”
A TV program about the day was done by TV-26. It featured an interview with Bruce Zigler, one of the re-enacters, some of William Knight’s descendants and local historian Fred Grisier about the special commemoration. The program was aired on their “All Around Northwest Ohio” program, and those who missed it can see it on their website at www.tv26.net.
Stryker Summerfest was a great day
Summerfest had wonderful weather and lots of people took advantage of it.
The community had a host of events including the parade, coordinated by the Stryker Area Heritage Council. Lots of units turned out for the parade whose theme was a commemoration of the 175th anniversary of the birth of William J. Knight.
The Stryker Heritage Center was open after the parade, and a good number of folks took the opportunity to walk through the museum in the depot.
That included Kamie Weber of Stryker pictured on the left and Jeannie Forry of Archbold on the right who are shown looking through the display of Stryker school memorabilia.
There was a special display about William Knight, who was one of the first Congressional Medal of Honor recipients.
The new depot replica were available for purchase that day and will now remain on sale (see story below).
Thanks to everyone who stopped by, all of those who put an entry in the parade, and to everyone who helped to make the Summerfest a great day!
SAHC hosts Regional 1 Meeting of Ohio Local History Alliance
Attendees at a recent regional meeting of the Ohio Local History Alliance learned about native Americans of northwest Ohio, talked about challenges and interesting programs they are doing, and toured the Stryker Heritage Center.
Meeting at the Stryker American Legion on April 21, the group was welcomed by Randy Brown, Alliance Region 1 Representative and Curator of the Wood County Historical Society, SAHC President Terry Perkins and Stryker Mayor Dan Hughes.
The group first heard from Pete Wilhelm, shown talking about the Nettle Lake Indian Mounds in the photo above, professor of history at Northwest State Community College.
He gave a very interesting session about the early territory and its native settlers.
For instance, Indian mounds are found in every Ohio county but one. Can you name that county?
He spoke about the influences of the British and the French, particularly the missionaries who came to be with the native Americans. Some chose to stay and live with the natives and some only stayed the length of their commitment to minister to them and returned home.
He mentioned Johnny Logan, the only Native American buried with full U.S. military honors in Ohio. His burial has a special marker by the Fort Defiance area.
He talked about the influences of native American leaders such as Pontiac, Tecumseh and Little Turtle.
About 30 representatives from area historical societies also heard about interesting ways to spread the word about their programs in a presentation moderated by Janet Rozick, a Region 1 representative and visiting assistant professor at the University of Toledo.
At the afternoon business meeting, Jackie Barton, Director of Education & Outreach for the Ohio Historical Society, said information and guidelines about grants for historical groups will be available by July 1.
Matt Strobel, Civil War 150 AmeriCorps member, reminded members of the group to let him know of events they are holding about the Civil War so they may be included in a statewide list.
There was a roundtable led by Joy Armstrong, Alliance Trustee and Director of the Sylvania Historical Village, where each person gave a couple examples of the outstanding things their organization had done and an issue with which they struggle
In the photo above, she holds up the proof of a map of the Maumee Valley region being considered as a way to promote the rich heritage of the area..
At the conclusion of the program, the representatives toured the Stryker Heritage Center at the depot. In the photo to the left, SAHC President Terry Perkins explains some of the work that was done at the depot for the museum.
A big thanks to the Stryker American Legion for having both a delicious breakfast and lunch for the people on hand and all of the Stryker area merchants who donated items for goody bags for each attendee.
And in case you were wondering, it is Mr. Wilhelm’s home county, Henry County, that is the only one of Ohio’s counties that doesn’t have any documented Indian mounds.
Some commemorative items still available from Saturday’s fete of William Knight and 150th anniversary of Great Locomotive Chase
There are still some souvenirs to remember the celebration when the town of Stryker remembered William Knight and his comrades on the 150th anniversary of the Great Locomotive Chase.
The Stryker Area Heritage Council commissioned several commemorative items perfect to remember the occasion.
There are two different styles of t-shirts that are perfect keepsakes of the day.
One style is shown on the left with a prominent picture of the General, and the other, as shown on the right, has a picture of the Medal of Honor that William Knight received along with the other members of the special unit. The final shirts are to have blue lettering and may have a blue background.
There are also some commemorative buttons with pin or magnet backs highlighting the daring escapade of Andrews Raid, as well as sets of bookmarks.
There are some copies of select photographs including William Knight that are great souvenirs to show to family and friends depicting the brave people who were a part of Civil War history and who were the first Medal of Honor recipients.
Crowd fills Legion Hall to hear T & I Railroad program,
First sets of T & I DVDs sell out before program starts
There were plenty of "passengers" for the trip back in time on the electric interurban railroad during a program hosted by the Stryker Area Heritage Council on Saturday, Feb. 18.
A crowd of about a hundred people turned out at the Stryker American Legion as Dr. Sterling King, noted Toledo and Indiana Railroad author and historian shown on the right in the photo above, served as their conductor on a trip along the line that operated through northwest Ohio.
Dr. King showed rare photos he has collected through the years of the train system that began operation in 1903 running from Toledo eventually expanding to Bryan.
From the first cars that began running down Dorr Street in Toledo, he showed photos of trains going down the main streets of Swanton, Delta, Archbold and Bryan, and some of the stops at Pettisville, Wauseon, Peckham Loop and downtown Toledo. There were also shots of trains going over the bridges at Beaver Creek and the Tiffin River and running through the underpass of the line of the New York Central east of Bryan.
The railroad provided an important route of travel through the area in the early days of the 20th century. There were no paved roads when the train system was formed. The new automobiles could only go about 20 miles per hour and the roads could prove an obstacle when they were muddy or covered with snow. The trains, however, moved much faster, able to clock up to 60 miles per hour out in the country. So they were popular with passengers and with people who wanted to get their products to market and receive supplies from outside the area.
During the program, Dr. King remembered a number of the people who worked on the line and drove the trains along the tracks.
Dr. King also gave interesting sidebars when he talked about the popcorn wagon in Stryker that used steam to pop the corn, the Christmas star built by T & I workers that is still displayed in the south park at Wauseon, and the two specially-made cars with filled wicker chairs and decorative curtains on the windows.
Ridership dropped off as automobiles improved and roads were paved through the area. The train line lived off of its freight business the last years, shuttling fuel cars for Cities Service.
The program drew to a close as Dr. King showed photos of the car that traveled the route on the last day of the line’s operation in 1939.
A new 2-hour DVD set about the T & I went on sale that day. The DVD is being offered by the heritage council and is narrated by Dr. King showing many of the photos he included in his presentation.
The first sets of DVDs were sold out before the program started. Orders for more copies are being taken and will be filled in a short time. Copies are $10 for SAHC members and $12 for SAHC non-members.
Huntington Bank donates original Wickey drawing
by Don Allison, Senior Editor of the Bryan Times and SAHC Trustee
Looking for original artwork created by Stryker native Harry Wickey?
For starters, you can visit the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Library of Congress, or the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Or if traveling that far isn’t to your liking, you can visit the Stryker Area Heritage Council’s museum.
Wickey’s name may no longer be a household word, even in Stryker, but during his life he was widely known for his etchings, lithography, paintings and sculpture.
Thanks to a donation by Huntington Bank, the Stryker Area Heritage Council has its requisite piece of Wickey artwork, an original charcoal drawing dated 1916.
The drawing depicts an African American woman and boy.
The drawing was presented to the Stryker Area Heritage Council in January. Shown in the photo above (from left to right) are SAHC Trustees Bill Priest, Terry Perkins, Sue Buehrer, Helen Bell, Don Allison and Huntington Bank Stryker Branch Manager Vicki Grimm. In the photo below, Vicki Grimm and Barb Marlin from the Huntington Bank Stryker Branch pose with the drawing and SAHC Trustee Helen Bell
According to Sue Buehrer of the Heritage Council, the drawing was presented by Wickey to Harry Bruns of the former Stryker Exchange Bank. Buehrer said she discovered the drawing years ago in the attic of the former Stryker Farmer’s Exchange Bank, later purchased by the First National Bank of Northwest Ohio. The drawing changed hands with a succession of bank purchases, and ended up in Huntington’s Stryker branch.
Now it will hang in the Stryker Area Heritage Council’s museum in the former Stryker railroad depot. The 1916 drawing is among Wickey’s earlier works.
A quick Internet search will yield images of Wickey’s artwork and notes on his life story.
Wickey spent time in Detroit and Chicago, and eventually moved to New York City. He studied at the Detroit School of Fine Arts and the New York School of Industrial Art, and was both a student and teacher at the Art League of New York.
His first prints were published in 1919. Throughout his career his favorite subjects were rural scenes, based on his experiences in Stryker, as well as images of New York and its inhabitants, and landscapes.
By 1935 the fumes of nitric acid used in his etching plates affected his eyesight, and he eventually turned to lithography and sculpture.
He received a number of awards during his career, including recognition from the Society of American Etchers in 1934, the Guggenheim Fellowship in 1939 and the American Institute of Arts and Letters in 1949. Wickey and his sculptures were featured in the Feb. 23, 1942, edition of Life Magazine.
A detailed account of Wickey’s life is contained in his autobiography “Thus Far,” published in 1941 as part of a series on prominent artists inaugurated by the American Artists Group. In“Thus Far” he wrote at length on his upbringing in Stryker.
“It was on the fourteenth of October, 1892, that the stork came flapping over Stryker, Ohio, with me as a passenger, and I was deposited in a little house in the end of East Lynn Street,” Wickey wrote.
“There was no choice in the matter, but if there had been, I know I would have given his old tail a jerk and said, ‘You may let me off here, please,’ for, as I look back over my childhood and early youth it is with memories that are warm with affection for that environment and all it had to offer.”
He wrote about his early life in Stryker, and of his parents, Victor E. and Alice (Besancon) Wickey.
Harry described his father as a kindly man, but with a severe bearing. “My father was a hard-working man, honest in the extreme, and reserved in temperament, with little to say to us after he had finished his day’s work. He was kindly and thoughtful of our welfare, and we were never wanting in the fundamental physical comforts ...
“He was adamant in his purpose of raising my brother and me in the ways of self reliance, and left no stone unturned to secure that result.
“My mother was of a temperament almost exactly opposite of that of my father,” he wrote, “and I have often thought that the only things my parents had in common were my brother and myself.
“She was vivacious and talkative and, as she loved us more than any other living creatures, was constantly trying to do things to please us. She also desired nothing more than that we should turn out well and be a credit to ourselves and the community and, in her own way, did everything in her power to produce these results.”
Wickey was a frequent visitor to the rural Stryker farms of his grandparents, Mary and Thomas Wickey and Clementine and Charles Besancon, and his exposure to farm life found outlet in his later work.
The Stryker of Wickey’s youth, as he described it, “was a very busy little place ... with two saw-mills, grist-mill, hoop and tile factory, oar finishing works and harness shop, and some two dozen general stores, meat markets and saloons.”
“Stryker was,” he explained, “at that time the trading center where farmers could sell their timber, stock or farm produce, and as the radius from which it drew was fairly large, it got to be a busy little place.”
Wickey left Stryker after his high school graduation, moving to Detroit. With the help of his uncle he landed a job with the Lake Shore railroad as a car checker, and he began his art studies in Detroit.
After the outbreak of World War I, Wickey — like many young men of his day — was drafted into the U.S. Army. He was detailed to the front-line trenches in France, but soon was selected for officers training school.
He returned to Stryker briefly after his army service, then embarked on his career in art that earned him widespread acclaim. Twice married, he apparently left no direct descendants.
Although Wickey died in 1968 at Cornwall Landing, N.Y., his work remains popular with collectors today.
used by permission of the Bryan Times
Many turn out as Lockport celebrates 175th anniversary
Good crowds turned out as the Stryker Area Heritage Council and Lockport Mennonite Church hosted events to commemorate the the 175th anniversary of the founding of the Lockport, one of the area’s earliest settlements.
On Saturday, Oct. 1, over 80 people gathered at the church for the beginning of a historic tour around the area.
Stryker Area Heritage Council President Rose Burkholder welcomed the crowd and acted as emcee. SAHC Trustee Terry Perkins gave a presentation about the early history of Lockport and then the church served a light lunch
Following the lunch, a driving tour began around the Lockport area. Buses were provided by the Lockport Mennonite Church and St. John Christian Church that helped to make the traveling much easier for the group.
The first stop was at the restored Goll Barn in Goll’s Woods. Kris Jemmott and Bob Apgar from the Friends of Goll Homestead, spoke about the history of the barn and homestead built by Peter Goll, Jr. and his family during the Civil War.
It was the second public viewing of the restored triple jettied barn by the group.
From there, the tour participants traveled just north of Lockport to the Gish home on County Road I-50. Home owner Jeff Rutledge told about Arthur Gish who bought the Lockport mill property from Abraham Wurts and operated the gristmill.
His wife, Stacy, offered the group the opportunity to look through the first floor of the home they have been busily restoring.
The group traveled to the Floral Grove Cemetery, just south of West Unity, where SAHC Trustee Kent Julliard spoke about the Emanuel German Methodist Episcopal Church. He also pointed the group to several graves of prominent citizens of Lockport, including Samuel Brownewell whose grave marker is one of his millstones.
The next stop was at the former Lockport United Brethren Church built in 1887. Nick Woodall, pastor of the Stryker United Brethren Church, gave the history of the Lockport church which still stands on the west side of what was known as Mill Street.
Larry Radloff spoke at the next stop about his home that used to belong to S. A. Brownewell, co-owner of the Lockport grist and sawmill. The home was also a hotel, and Radloff has been busy restoring the home, which has included the addition of a second story that used to house weary travelers.
While at the stop, Myrna Grove spoke about the Lockport school that used to be located just to the north of the Brownewell home/hotel.
Returning to the church, presentations were given on several prominent Lockport residents and families by Tom Stuckey, Elwood Graber, and Bobbi Schlosser. Bob Hausch spoke about the bridges at Lockport, Carol Sloan gave some readings and Myrna Grove spoke about the Lockport Mennonite Church that celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2008.
Flyers showing the gravesite locations were made available for those who wanted to walk through the Lockport Cemetery next to the church.
An area of historic photographs and artifacts were displayed in the church foyer, while several paintings of the history of the Lockport Mennonite Church by Karen Wyse were displayed at the front of the sanctuary.
On Sunday, October 2, the members and guests at the Lockport Mennonite Church enjoyed a service that incorporated Lockport history into it. A potluck dinner was held at noon.
Many thanks and congratulations to the people who served on the planning committee for the Lockport 175th anniversary celebration, which included Rose and Glen Burkholder, Sue and Ben Buehrer, Jack Hancock, Bob Hausch, Leon DeGroff, Helen Bell and Myrna Grove. Thanks also to the site interpreters, St. John Christian Church in Archbold for the use of their bus and the Lockport Mennonite Church for their hospitality, the luncheon, and the bus for the riders.
A video is being prepared by SAHC of the tour for those who would wish to have a copy of the day’s events.
Community gets a look at the Heritage Center
The doors were opened on the afternoon of the Stryker Summerfest June 4 for anyone interested to take a peak at the new Stryker Area Historical Center lodged in the former Stryker train depot.
From 1:00 to 3:00 p.m. people from the area walked through the displays of local historical artifacts that have been given or loaned for display in the center.
Displays featuring the local depot itself and items from one-time local businesses such as the mineral springs bathhouse or Werum Novelty Works were shown. Frank Middleton (left) and Duane Jolly are shown in the photo above looking over some of those pieces.
There is a case that came from the Stryker school that was full of memorabilia of the school, class pictures, old uniforms and some annuals.
A section on music was shown that included a violin that was played by famous artist and Stryker native Harry Wickey.
Another case showed pieces that belonged to the Evansport Masonic Lodge that began in Evansport and moved to Stryker, where it ran for many years.
A typewriter that belonged to Stryker native Ralph Goll was shown and those who walked by could perhaps conjure up an image of him sitting at a desk typing one of the manuscripts he wrote for The Lone Ranger or a story about a murder case he was covering for a newspaper or magazine.
The walls are covered with large old-time photos of Stryker including some trains that have been a large part of the village’s history.
In the photo to the right, Stryker Area Heritage Council President Rose Burkholder (right) and SAHC Trustee Helen Bell (left) give Village Reporter reporter Alexis Stamm (second from left) and her friend April Short some of the significance of the items in the school case display in the center.
An interview on TV-26 was also done that day and will be airing soon on the Defiance station that is also carried by area cable TV systems.
The center was also recently opened for a group that attended the annual Stryker Alumni gathering at the end of May
Mrs. Burkholder says while the center does not yet have any regular hours it is open, it can be opened for any groups that are interested in a tour if they contact the Heritage Council.
Donations of items or items that could be loaned for display are still being accepted by the SAHC. Anyone interested may contact the SAHC through this website or one of the Trustees.
A big round of thanks to all of those who have helped through the last several years to get the depot ready for the visitors, those who worked to prepare the center for guests during the Summerfest and those who helped meet people during the opening!
The Stryker Area Heritage Council
The Stryker Area Heritage Council was formed to record and preserve the rich history of the Stryker area. Located in the very northwestern corner of Ohio, Stryker, Evansport and Lockport have all had interesting histories surrounding their development. Some of the early growth was due to their location along the Tiffin River.
Stryker has had a significant part in the development and operation of several railroad lines. From 1905 to 1939, Stryker was the home to the car storage, maintenance facility, and electric generating station for the Toledo & Indiana (T & I) interurban electric train line.
For more than 50 years, long pans of water were placed in the track for some of the steam locomotives going through the town. It saved trains a stop if they could pickup water to replenish their boilers along the way. During the winter, men were hired to break up the ice in the pans so the trains could continue to scoop up the precious liquid as they made their way along the route.
Several people of significance have come from the area. William J. Knight was among the first group of men honored with the Congressional Medal of Honor for his part in the great train robbery during the Civil War. Harry Wickey was a famous illustrator, sculptor and author. Ralph Goll was a writer on the famous Lone Ranger radio series and had several of his episodes turned into TV shows. Sam Hornish, the winner of the 2006 Indianapolis 500, lived in Stryker when he was a young boy.
We hope you find this website of interest and if you have questions or would like to join the group in collecting and preserving this rich history of the Stryker area, please contact us at the Stryker Area Heritage Council.